Lower back pain is one of the leading causes of disability, which is supported by the statistics that in every 10 individual, eight may be showing signs of the condition.
Paradoxically, the extent of pain has nothing to do with the intensity of damage afflicted on the patient. Unlike with acute ailments and disease, chronic lower back pain is generally not associated with the height of damage accumulated. A large herniated disc may be relatively painless whereas muscle spasm due to back strain can be a reason for excruciating back pain.
The reasons for lower back pain may be extremely complex. In most cases, people suffering from it cannot exactly point out the location of concentrated pain or what they exactly feel. This is due to the reason that there are a number of underlying structures located at the lower back that may cause the pain. Listed below are several parts of the spiral anatomy that may be the reasons for pain:
- Irritation on the large nerve roots located at the low back that are connected to the arms and the legs.
- Irritation in the smaller nerves in the lower back spine.
- Strain at the erector spinae, also termed as the large lower back muscle.
- Injury/ies on the joints, ligaments and bones.
- Injury at the intervertebral disc.
There are cases however that the lower back pain is felt and suffered from yet there are no known anatomical cause or causes to relate the pain with. Though these types of lower back pain may not yet be fully recognized, immediate treatment must still be addressed. However, lower back pain may usually be associated with some general causes. An example of which is the muscle strain on the lower back or more specific diagnosable condition such as lumbar herniated disc or a degenerative disc disease.
Symptoms of lower back pain that are frequently related with surgical approaches:
- Bladder incontinence or sudden bowel movement
- Progressive weakening of the legs
- Continuous low back pain or abdominal pain
- Signs of fever and chills that are directly linked with lower back pain
- Cancer cases
- Extreme weight loss
- Recent case of trauma, especially when severe
Many people take lower back pain for granted, either by own choice or they are impeded by some irreversible reasons like insufficient and the likes. However, early diagnosis and treatment generally prevent people from experiencing more excruciating pains and higher treatment costs.